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Analysis of Global Stone Market Scale and Consumption Trend

Analysis of Global Stone Market Scale and Consumption Trend

[Abstract]:
In recent years, more stringent environmental requirements, coupled with imitation stone and other types of decorative materials blocking and counterattack, natural stone encountered a certain contai
First, the global stone market conditions
 
In recent years, more stringent environmental requirements, coupled with imitation stone and other types of decorative materials blocking and counterattack, natural stone encountered a certain containment. From the global market environment, the natural stone market is not optimistic.
 
1, the world's stone production
 
In recent years, the global stone production to maintain a continuous growth trend. According to data released by Prospect Industry Research Institute, the global output of stone was 1.365 billion tons in 2014, an increase of 5% over the same period of last year; it was 103.5 million m3 by volume, up by 3.85% over the same period of last year; if it is calculated according to 2cm standard thickness, 1.5 billion m2.
 
In the future, the global stone production will be more and more concentrated in a few countries. Among them, China, India, Turkey, Brazil, Italy and Spain dominate. The output of the top ten stone powers accounts for about 83% of the world's total output.
 
2, the global stone consumption
 
From the consumption point of view, in recent years, with the rapid development of the global construction industry, stone consumption also showed an upward trend. In 2014, the global stone consumption per thousand was about 237 m2. According to the current population of 7.1 billion, the global stone consumption reached 1.683 billion m2, exceeding the current production of 1.5 billion m2.
 
From the consumption of stone countries, among them, the top four consumers in Switzerland, Belgium, Saudi Arabia and Taiwan all exceed 1000 m2.
 
Second, the Italian stone market conditions
 
1, Italy stone production
 
Italy has always been rich in stone country, known as the "stone kingdom", regardless of production, import and export volume have long been the world's first. Since 2007, its stone production growth rate has been consistent with the global growth rate. In addition, the Italian marble brand has a vast marble production area and has become a leader in the marble industry for more than 50 years.
 
2, Italian stone consumption
 
Consumption of natural stone from a thousand people point of view, the Italian natural stone consumption is on the decline. In 2014, Italy consumed 865 m2 of stone per 1,000 people, ranking sixth in the world. Calculated according to the current year's population of 60.78 million, Italian stone consumption in 2014 was 52.585 million m2.
 
In addition, the Italian stone craft is also famous in the world, its design is second to none in the world. According to the research center of the Italian Federation of Marble Machinery, in the first half of 2015 Italy exported approximately 616 million euros of natural stone mining and processing machinery and equipment and tools to the world, compared with 477 million in the same period of 2014, An increase of 29.8%. Among them, the main export sales market for the United States, the amount of 65.8 million euros, an increase of 83%.
 
Third, the United States stone market conditions
 
1, the United States stone production
 
As early as 70-80 in the last century, the United States mainly for the consumption of stone stone skyscrapers, commercial centers and banks and other large high-end commercial and public buildings. With the economic development, by the 90s, began to gradually develop a variety of small and medium-sized buildings and high-end residential, used in wall decoration and ground laying. However, the U.S. resource policy has strict restrictions on the exploitation of natural stone, resulting in lower output of domestic stone products.
 
2, the United States stone consumption
 
Since 2001, the use of stone in the United States and the per capita use of steady increase, and in 2008 and 2009 due to the global financial crisis, the size of a decline, but since 2012, with the recovery of the U.S. real estate market, the United States using stone Scale and gradually picked up, the trend of mass stone consumption in the United States has gradually taken shape.
 
Today, stone has become a popular consumer product in the United States, with residents using stone as one of the options for improving the quality of life. However, the demand for stone in the United States is mainly dominated by granite and marble (including travertine and some limestone).
 
Fourth, the Japanese stone market conditions
 
1, Japan's stone production
 
Japan is Asia's second largest consumer of stone after China. However, Japan loves its own resources and has strict environmental protection measures. The annual mining volume of stone mines is extremely limited, and the tendency of stone mining shows a year-by-year decline. It is far from meeting the demand. So 75% -80% of the original stone are dependent on imports.
 
Japan is one of the most important stone importers in the world. Unlike the big stone powers such as Italy and China, the export of Japanese stone is minimal, and almost all the imported stone products provide its domestic market. In recent years, China, Italy and other stone powers under attack, the Japanese imports of raw materials, a processing industry almost completely out of the market, so the Japanese stone industry to existing workers in the final processing or construction-based, or completely transformed into Importer, Wholesaler, Distributor.
 
2, Japan's stone consumption
 
As Japan has higher requirements on the quality of building stone, the fineness, color, texture uniformity and consistency of product finishing quality and size are higher than those of other countries. Even if Japan's construction industry is affected by the downturn and the related budget is reduced, the demand for stone quality will remain unchanged. Therefore, the stone consumption market in Japan is less affected by the macroeconomy and is mainly related to the downstream market demand. In 2014, Japan's natural stone consumption was 19.434 million tons.
 
Fourth, the global stone market trends
 
Judging from the above analysis, the global stone output will maintain a growth trend since 2013, but with the tightening of global environmental protection requirements, natural stone output will decline in the future. From the perspective of consumption, the global stone consumption has been on an upward trend since 2007, but the consumption of stone in Italy, the United States and Japan shows a downward trend. However, the consumption of major stone consumers, such as Switzerland, Belgium and Taiwan, is still increasing. It is estimated that future stone consumption will be more concentrated in several major consumer countries.